Sanda (also known as Sanshou) is a modern Chinese combat sport influenced by both traditional Chinese boxing, Chinese wrestling methods called Shuai Chiao and other Chinese grappling techniques such as Qin Na. Sanda appears much like kickboxing, but includes many more grappling techniques. One can see Sanda as a synthesis of traditional Chinese martial arts fighting techniques into a more amorphous system. As an unarmed self-defense, close combat system, Sanda includes punches, kicks and grappling (throws, locks, chokes).
As a sport, Sanda is practiced in tournaments and is normally held alongside taolu events in wushu competition. For safety reasons, some techniques such as elbow strikes, chokes, and joint locks, are not allowed during Sanda tournaments. Furthermore, it is possible to defeat the opponent by moving (whether by throwing, striking, or otherwise pushing) him outside the ring. Fighters are only allowed to clinch for a few seconds. If the clinch is not broken by the fighters, and if neither succeeds in throwing his opponent within the time limit, the referee will break the clinch.